Three Egyptian Faience Amulets: Sons of Horus
Three ancient Egyptian faience amulets representing three of the four sons of Horus: Duamutef (jackal head), Hapy (baboon head), and Imsety (human head).
New Kingdom - Late Dynastic Period
The four sons of Horus (Imsety, Hapy, Duamutef, and Quebsenuef) were responsible for preserving the vital organs of the deceased in the Afterlife. Each of the four was charged with protecting a certain organ, Duamutef - the stomach; Imsety - the liver; Hapy - the lungs; and Quebsenuef - the intestines. They were usually represented on the lids of four canopic jars that accompanied the mummified bodies.
Cf. C. Andrews, Amulets of Ancient Egypt, (Texas, 1994), p. 46, fig. 50, a group of all four sons of Horus; a similar example in the Fitzwilliam Museum inv. no. E.33d.1955. For examples of the canopic jars representing the deities, see British Museum inv. nos. 1924,0510.17-20.
Formerly in a New York private collection, acquired at Hotel Drouot, Pescheteau-Badin-Ferrien, Paris, November 25, 1990; previously in French private collection.