Roman Wall Painting
An ancient Roman wall painting panel on white ground, depicting a mask of Pan and a shepherd's crook suspended from a ribbon within a red arched aedicula with a green and blue scalloped dome, with vegetal forms at the corners and a palmette in the center. Below is an egg and dart molding rendered in gold.
Roman 4th Style Wall Painting.
Roman wall paintings adorned the interior walls not only of wealthy villas, but also of private houses and public buildings. Depending on the function of the room, walls might be painted with architectural elements, landscapes, still life, mythological scenes, or purely decorative motifs. Many Roman wall paintings were preserved in towns such as Pompeii and Herculaneum, which were buried by the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD.
Cf.: a similar in the House of Neptune in Pompeii (VI.5.3), illustrated in R. Ling, Roman Painting (Cambridge, 1991), fig. 74, p.74.
Formerly in a Rhode Island private collection; previously in the B. P. collection, Malibu, 1980s.