Greek Bronze Chalcidian Helmet

 

Greek Bronze Chalcidian Helmet

An ancient Greek bronze helmet of the Chalcidian type, with a carinated ridge around the top rising to a point over the forehead, a closely fitted neck guard. The hinged cheek pieces and abbreviated nose guard leave large openings for the eyes and ears.

Ca. 475-350 BC.
H: 12 1/4 in. (31 cm).

The Chalcidian type helmet began to replace the more restrictive Corinthian type helmet on the Greek battlefield in the 5th century BC. The Chalcidian helmet is characterized by its carinated design and diminutive cheek pieces that left the face exposed and provided openings for the ears. This helmet type was especially popular in Southern Italy in the Classical and Hellenistic Periods.

Cf.: R. Hixenbaugh and A. Valdman, Ancient Greek Helmets: a Complete Guide and Catalog, 2019, for Chalcidian type bronze helmets; Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki, Pydna excavation, inv. no. Pu 10.809; Muzeul National de Istorie a României, Bucharest, Romania, inv. no. 32479; Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, inv. no. 54.2468.

Formerly in a private collection, Geneva, Switzerland, acquired in the 1980's.

Inv#: 7044

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