Roman Bronze Helmet: Montefortino Type
An ancient Roman Republican bronze helmet of the Montefortino Type. The hemispherical body is crowned at the top by an incised knob. Three bands are incised above the lower edge which is molded in the form of a rope. A small flange extends from the back. Rivets remain at the sides where cheek pieces were once attached.
Ca. 3rd - 1st century BC.
The Roman Montefortino type helmet, so named after the site where one was first excavated, was the predominant helmet of the Roman legionnaire of the Republican Period. It was based on Celtic antecedents. The helmet was relatively easy to manufacture and versatile with hinged cheek pieces.
Cf.: Metropolitan Museum of Art, inv. no. 2015.758.1; Bottini, Hase, Egg, Pflug, et al., Antike Helme, Sammlung Lipperheide und Andere Bestände des Antikenmuseums Berlin, (Mainz, 1988), pp. 525-529, cat. nos. 109-113; M. Junkelmann, "Römische Helme - Sammlung Axel Guttmann," (Berlin/Mainz, 2000), pp. 112-114, Abb. 37-39.
Formerly in the Ralph Willard collection, Boston, MA. 1980?s; subsequently, Spangenberg collection, Texas, 2008-2018.