Roman Bronze Rein Guides
A pair of ancient Roman bronze rein guides from a chariot (quadriga) or wagon (carpentum) in the form of an eagle's head with beak open fending off a rearing serpent.
Ca. 2nd - 3rd century AD.
When Cassius Dio related the account of the defeat of Roman general Varus by the Germans under Arminius at Teutoburg Forest in September, 9 AD, he said, "the barbarians suddenly surrounded them on all sides at once... ...the Romans were not proceeding in any regular order, but were mixed in helter-skelter with the wagons and the unarmed, and so... ...they suffered greatly and could offer no resistance at all... ...afterwards they either burned or abandoned most of their wagons and everything else that was not absolutely necessary to them."
Formerly in the D. M. collection, London, acquired prior to 1992.