Greek Bronze Pilos Helmet with Horns
An ancient Greek bronze helmet of the Pilos type, of conical form with a recessed carinated band around the lower portion, with large sheet bronze horns attached to the crown and a crest attachment at the center.
Ca. 400-300 BC.
The Pilos (pilos) helmet, takes its name from the felt shepherd's cap whose form it replicates. This helmet type came into use during the later Peloponnesian War, replacing earlier more closed and restrictive forms like the Corinthian type. The Pilos was especially favored among Macedonian cavalrymen of the 4th century BC. The helmet appears prominently on Macedonian coinage of Alexander the Great and his successors.
cf. for similar horned helmets: Louvre Museum, inv. no. BJ 2152 (Campana collection); Naples Archaeological Museum, inv. no. 5114.
Formerly in the E. S. collection, Berlin, acquired in 1989 from a previous German collection.
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