Greek Bronze Chalcidian Helmet
An ancient Greek bronze helmet of the Chalcidian Type, with a carinated ridge around the top. The border conforms to the cheeks, brow, and neckline, with a short nose guard and ear openings. An applique in the form of a Gorgoneion (Medusa head) is attached to the top.
Ca. 500-400 BC.
The Chalcidian type helmet began to replace the more restrictive Corinthian type helmet on the Greek battlefield in the 5th century BC. The Chalcidian helmet is characterized by its carinated design and diminutive cheek pieces that left the face exposed and provided openings for the ears. This helmet type was especially popular in Southern Italy in the Classical and Hellenistic Periods.
Published: R. Hixenbaugh and A. Valdman, Ancient Greek Helmets: a Complete Guide and Catalog, 2019, cat. no. X81. Cf.: A. Bottini, Armi: gli Strumenti della Guerra in Lucania, (1993), pp. 135-136; E. Kunze et al., Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, VIII. Bericht über die Ausgrabungen in Olympia, (Berlin 1967), p. 145 ff., pl. 79, 80, 82. 2.
Formerly in a German private collection; Connecticut private collection.
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