Greek Iron Spear and Sauroter
An ancient Greek iron spear point and spear butt (sauroter). The blade is of elongated leaf-shape design with a central mid-rib, the sauroter is thickly cast, terminating in a solid point.
Ca. 550-400 BC.
The sauroter (the Greek word sauroter literally meant 'lizard killer') served as a counterweight to the spear point. It also allowed the spear to be lodged into the ground at an angle to form a defensive formation. In the event that the spear broke, it was often turned to as a weapon of last resort.
cf.: National Museum, Athens, inv nos. 14818 & 14819; and an example in the Metropolitan Museum, New York, inv. no. 38.11.7 in Gisela M. A. Richter, "Greek Bronzes Recently Acquired by the Metropolitan Museum of Art", AJA, Vol. 43, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun., 1939), pp. 189-201.
Formerly in a German private collection, 1990's.